Senin, 29 Juni 2015

Gerakan Spike VolleyBall

Spiking A Volleyball

Fullscreen capture 392015 100617 AM
Non-volleyballers think that spiking a VB is easy. You have the approach, contact point, wrist snap & about 10 other things that are involved which most people have no clue about.

Volleyball Endurance

Although the volleyball court limits your area of free movement, you must have good endurance to be an effective member of your team. Volleyball involves many quick, shifty movements; in addition to, many jumps if you are playing close to the net. Therefore, incorporating cardiovascular training into your workouts will help you improve your volleyball endurance so that you do not become fatigued towards the end of a challenging match.
Step 1
Begin a regular jogging program to improve your endurance for volleyball. Jogging will improve the strength of your heart and the efficiency in which your blood can carry oxygen and nutrients to your exercising muscles. Set a schedule to jog at least three days per week for 30 to 45 minutes to improve your cardiovascular endurance.
Step 2
Include sprint training into your workouts to improve your volleyball endurance. Two to three times per week, find an open field or court and perform sprint workouts. Because volleyball involves short bursts of speed, you should limit your sprints to no more than 40 yards. Use a tape measure, or take 40 large steps to measure your distance, and then mark your end point. Perform at least 10, 40 yard sprints at your fastest running pace. Allow yourself 15 to 30 seconds of rest between sprints before you perform the next one. Increase the number of sprints you perform as your endurance improves, up to 30 sprints.
Step 3
Jump rope to improve your volleyball endurance. Because volleyball involves frequent jumping, jumping rope will improve the endurance of both your heart and lower leg muscles. Jump rope constantly until you tire, and then allow yourself 30 seconds of rest before jumping rope again. Set a schedule to jump rope for at least 20 minutes two to three times per week.
Tips and Warnings
– Allow yourself at least one day of rest per week.
– Apply ice to any sore or achy joints or muscles after your workouts.
Things You’ll Need
– Jump Rope

Kamis, 06 November 2014

Volleyball Strategy

How to serve to score a point? Where to serve? How to line up on passing? How to play defense to dig more balls?

Volleyball Strategies - Volleyball Blocking Strategies

Volleyball Blocking Strategies - Read Blocking Volleyball Blocking Strategies - Read Blocking
Probably the most common way to set up a volleyball block is "blocking by reading the opponent", read blocking.
In read blocking blockers read the setter to determine where the setter sends the ball. When blockers see where the ball goes, they react and move to set up the block in front of the hitter.
After the first contact before the setter contacts the ball, blockers need to be aware of the hitter's movements. Are hitters running inside? How fast they are approaching? However, they won't commit to any of the hitters - until the setter sets the ball.
volleyball strategies in blocking
Volleyball Blocking Strategies - Committed Block, Commit Blocking, Predicted Block
Often in top level volleyball blockers use other blocking style, in which players commit to stop a specific hitter.
Middle blockers often use this style to stop the opponent's middle attacker. Or in the end of the game, blockers could decide to stop the opponent's best hitter since most often s/he gets the set in the final moments of the games.

Volleyball Strategies - Volleyball Passing Strategies

Volleyball Strategies - Volleyball Passing Position
Usually there are three passers to pass the ball in volleyball. It is very common in junior volleyball that all three passers divide the court equally - and changes are not made - no matter what happens in the game.
It is a good idea to share the court equally, if goal is to give everybody opportunity to learn to pass, but let's think what we can accomplish, if we start changing the passing line-up.
volleyball strategies in passing
How to Change Volleyball Passing Strategies - by Using Four Passers?
This is not a common volleyball passing strategy at all, but I have seen one top level men's national team volleyball team passing with four passers, the opposite hitter being the extra passer when this team tried to stop the opponent's jump server.
What other changes we can do in the passing line-up?

Volleyball Libero and Passing Skills
Libero specializes on defense and serve receive, therefore we should give more court for the libero.
volleyball strategies in passing
Libero can easily take at least 40%, maybe 50% of the court, or even more if the player is a talented serve receiver. This makes the teammates' passing much easier and let's them to focus more on hitting.
How to Change the Volleyball Passing Line-Up?
How to Help a Teammate - and the Volleyball Team to Play Better?
If one player struggles in passing or hitting, two other passers should help this struggling player by covering more court. They should leave just a little slice of the court to him/her - to make it easier for him/her to pass or hit.
The players should not take the situation as a sign of lack of trust. Everybody involved needs to understand changes are made for the team's benefit. Changes surely help the struggling individual, but before anything else, it helps the team to play better.
How to Stack Players on the Volleyball Court?
volleyball strategies in passing
Volleyball Passing Strategies - Stacking Up Players to the Center.
Stacking up the players to the center of the court and leaving lines open could be a solution, if the server tends to hit the powerful serves to the center between the players.
Stacking up the players definitely makes passers' job easier against the powerful serves to the seams. It could also lead to a serving error - if all of a sudden the server is tricked to change his serving style and direct the serve towards line.
Volleyball Passing Strategies - Stacking Up Players to the Corner.
If the team has scouted that one player tends to serve most of the serves to position 1 - why not to surprise this server and stack two passers to cover position 1? If the server continues to serve to position 1, the passing becomes much easier. If the server decides to move away from his/her favourite serve - it may lead to a serving error or it could take the power off from his/her serve.

Volleyball Strategies - Volleyball Serving

Volleyball Serving Strategies
Volleyball strategies in serving and passing has become important part of the game.
If at the top level the opponent is able to pass the ball perfectly to the setter's hands, the chances to win the rally are very low.
How to serve to help your team to score more points?
Volleyball Strategies - How to Serve?
Volleyball Serving Strategies - Serve Position 1
Serving to left back corner, position 1 or the left side line is a good choice because it makes the setting much more difficult for the opponent's setter.
The setters have to keep their eyes on the corner, which means it is extremely difficult to follow outside hitter and middle hitter approaching to spike - which makes the timing between the setter and hitters more difficult.
Volleyball Serving Strategies - Serve Short
Volleyball Serving Strategies
When serving short you could try to place the ball in front of the player who has lined up too far from the net - or doesn't move forward very well.
However, you probably want to take your serving strategy further. If you have the opponent's best hitter on the position 4, you could serve the ball short to the position 4 and make his/her approach more difficult. Think how much harder it is for the hitter to pass the ball inside the 10 feet line (3 meter line) and take steps back to start an approach. You wouldn't like to be served like that, right?
Volleyball Serving Strategies - Serve the Ball into Setter's or Offensive Player's Running Route
If you have figured out which route the opponent's setter or offensive player is running, you could serve the ball to somebody's running route to mess up their offense.
Volleyball Strategies - Serving Jump Float
You could do it for example when the setter leaves very far from the back corner. It could be your opportunity to serve a shorter ball into setter's running route - it may end up hitting the setter, or some other player has to go in front of the setter to pass the ball.
Volleyball Strategies - Serving and Serve Receive Have Changed
Volleyball strategies and the game itself with all the rule changes have taken giant steps in the past decade.
Maybe the biggest change has occurred in the serving and serve receive aspects of the game. Volleyball serve and serve receive have become a dominant part of the game recently. Today the success of a team almost solely depends on serving and serve receive.
Let's go back to 1990's for a moment..

Volleyball Strategies Flash Back to the 1990's

I recently watched a recording of the final match of 1990 World Championships. This Italy vs. Cuba match was a good reminder how much the game has changed in the recent years.
Volleyball Setting - High and Slow Sets
Andrea Lucchetta Italy - Male Volleyball Player
In 1990 World Championship match setters were setting HIGH and SLOW sets to the right and left side hitters. Since quick offense was missing, it really wasn’t that important to get a perfect pass to the setter.
Nowadays when the sets are fast to any position the accurate passes are essential.
Volleyball Float Serves
In Italy-Cuba match the serving looked totally different, often the serves were just high easy floaters over the net. There were no jump serve bombers, or jump float servers – even their float serves looked so easy compared to today’s float serves.
Today exceptional serve receive skills are required to be able to pass current tough serves.
... so the game is very different nowadays. Therefore, do you think we should also practice differently than in 1990's?
How should we practice nowadays? What do we need to focus in practice?

Volleyball Strategies - Volleyball Serving and Passing Strategies Today

What Volleyball Drills Coach Should Run to Meet Today's Requirements?

Volleyball Serving Strategies and Serve Receive Strategies!
Volleyball Strategies - Serving Jump Serve
We believe serve receive and serve are the most important part of the game today. For that reason we pay great deal of attention to volleyball passing and serving strategies.
It is important to hone the technical skills of various serve receive techniques (there are many of them!) and serving styles. I don’t think we exaggerate at all if we say we use 30-50 % of the practice time to practice serve receive or serving drills.
Run Game-like Volleyball Drills for Serving and Serve Receive!
As soon as the basic techniques have been learned, serving and serve receive need to be practiced in the game-like situation.
Game like volleyball drills maybe a norm for the serve receive, but they need to be applied to the serving also.
For example it is not the best practice to make players do their serving drills in the end of practices - just doing few minutes of them – and having no targets or real passers to receive those serves.
Volleyball Serve Receive - High Position
Few Tips How to Run Volleyball Drills for Serving and Serve Receive
It is very common to see a team practicing serving for few minutes in a hurry in the end of the practice!
Volleyball serving definitely needs much more practice time than that. Serving is important in modern volleyball!!
When running serving drill, it is a good idea to combine it with passing. It is more challenging and better learning experience for the server to see a passer receiving the serve. Or at least players should always have targets where to aim the serve.

Volleyball Strategies - About Missing Volleyball Serves and Serving Tough

Why the players are missing volleyball serves constantly?

Newer and especially older volleyball fans may wonder about the huge amounts of missed serves in high level volleyball today. I am sure you saw the same trend in Beijing Olympic Games Volleyball - and you'll see it in many competitions in the future.
Volleyball Serve - Strategies
Why even top players who practice volleyball daily are missing so many serves?
Missing Volleyball Serves is Not Good, But Risks Need to Be Taken
A missed serve is never a good thing – but it is just a fact that nowadays servers need to take risks to beat up the opponent’s strong offense - and when taking risks and serving hard, the amount of errors will be higher.
My personal opinion is: I like taking a risk with the serves, if there is a good return. I can live with missed serves – if the team gets bunch of points in return with the serves that go in.

Volleyball Strategies: Volleyball Serving Strategies - Serving Tough Against the Better Teams

The Story from the Previous Coach

Volleyball Strategies - Serving and Passing
My ex-coach once educated us about serving with a story when preparing our team for two upcoming matches. The first match was against "an easier opponent", which was followed by the tough match against the national championship team:
“There is no need to take high risks with serves when playing a weaker team. Let them do the points for you – they will mess up enough points with their offense for you to win.”
“Let's imagine.. if we would play against the best team around, the National Team.. What would be the only way for us to score some points?”
The coach was looking for the answer: "Serving extremely tough."
The coach continued: "If we would serve all match as hard as we ever could, we would have a chance to score a point every now and then.. if those star players happen to shank the ball. However, if the National Team would pass the ball up, you would get killed..."
Joel Despaigne Cuba Volleyball
"Therefore when we play against the second opponent, the national championship team we will serve tough and take risks."
Well, the coach was exaggerating a little bit – but I am sure you got the idea behind serving tough - which often leads to missing serves, unfortunately.
Be sure to check out few tips how to play volleyball and organize serve receive and serve volleyball drills.
P.S. Final between Cuba and Italy in 1990 World Championships is still my favourite volleyball match. Mr. Despaigne was an amazing player, wasn't he?


Volleyball Strategies for Skills Training

What is Three Point Serve Receive in Volleyball? Recently when discussing about volleyball strategies and “how to play volleyball” we had a debate over a controversial topic which always divides opinions.
volleyball strategies passing 4
We were discussing about the common passing technique in which you set up your other knee on the floor when passing a low ball.

Coaches may call it 3 point serve receive technique (right foot + left foot + knee =3).
This three point serve receive technique has become a very common passing technique in high level international volleyball matches. Despite the fact that top players are using it, there are some coaches and players who criticize this passing technique.

Which side you belong to? Could you pass your knee on the ground?

Volleyball Passing Strategies
Many coaches feel you should never put other knee on the ground when passing. Some agree it is useful - to bail you out in some situations - but still you definitely shouldn’t practice it.
Volleyball people who support the technique say it will make passing position more stable and help players to keep better balance. Passers suppose to use the three point passing technique when they are forced to pass the low ball – when the ball is near the floor.
There may not be a clear right or wrong answer in this issue. Both sides have good arguments.
However, the fact is this technique is widely used in volleyball.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Three Point Volleyball Passing Technique Clearly staying on both feet is more advantageous, if the player needs to prepare to swing a fast tempo set after the pass.
On the other hand, if the ball is extremely low and near the floor level, “knee on the ground” gives a stable and more balanced position to the passer.
To read more about this 3 point serve receive technique, go to the volleyball skills section and controversial serve receive technique.

Volleyball Strategies to Learn Volleyball Skills – How to Improve Technical Skills?

Volleyball Training Strategies - How to Learn to Play Volleyball?

volleyball strategies passing techniques
As you probably figured out, we are in favor of the 3 point passing technique above.
We do think the passer should use the “standard” passing form whenever possible – but in the training we practice other techniques also because those are used in the matches regularly.
In volleyball training our goal is to increase players’ skill levels by practicing techniques far beyond what is considered “the norm”.

Volleyball Strategies - How to Use Untraditional Volleyball Training Strategies To Learn Skills?

Volleyball Training Strategies - How To Improve Passing Skills?

volleyball strategies passing 5
Passing two feet on the ground and keeping the ball directly in front of the player is "the standard" passing form. In addition to it, we think it is beneficial to train other techniques also, because players need to use those in the matches constantly.
If the ball is constantly contacted on the left or right side of the body in the match, we should also practice it, right?
When we practice passing, we do lots of repetitions in which players contact the ball on the side of the body – in opposition to pass the ball in front, which is the norm.
We have experienced this clearly improves ball control and passing skills.

Volleyball Training Strategies - How To Improve Spiking Skills?

Another example of this untraditional training would be “tooling” the block, in other words "swiping" the block or “using the block” to score a point.
volleyball strategies blocking 1
Volleyball players are usually trained to hit powerful spikes straight down to the court or off the defenders arms - while "using the block" won't get trained very much at all. 
We train "tooling" very heavily - just because it occurs in the match as often as other spikes.

Often we make up drills in which players are required to get a kill by "using the block" – other kills are not allowed.

Volleyball Strategies - Why do We Use Untraditional Training Methods?

There are coaches who want to teach players only the “standard techniques”, “the norm”. (For example: "We don't want to teach 3 point serve receive technique, because I want players to stay on their feet.")
volleyball strategies digging techniques
We think it is the best practice to train all the techniques which are used in matches – not just the perfect, standard ways of doing things.
And it is not just our opinion - it is also based on the biomechanics and science of learning.

If you want to perform specific actions in the match, you need to practice those actions.

We build motor skills as we repeat specific movements.
For example outside hitting requires different motor skills than right side hitting.  If we learn one of them, it doesn't mean we automatically learn the other one too. Motor skills for those two are different, so we need to practice them both.
So, if you want to learn i.e. open hand digging above your head, you have to practice it.  Players won't learn by hearing it.  No matter how many times the coach tells "you should dig higher balls by open hands", most likely players won't learn unless it is repeated in practice.

To conclude, you got to practice all the techniques players use in the matches - no matter how untraditional those are.

Conclusion for Volleyball Strategies in Skills Training

Volleyball Passing Techniques
Every coach develops his/her own training style and training methods – depending on the team they coach.

We have experienced a great progress with the drills above when the primary goal has been to develop skill levels of the players.

More conventional coaching methods could work well for other coaching goals.
However, if the coach uses more conventional coaching methods, it should not automatically mean resisting change or denying new methods without trying.
It is good to remember the common denominator for the most successful coaches is they are constantly willing to learn new - they feel they are students of the game all the time, no matter how experienced they are

Rabu, 28 Mei 2014

Teori Latihan Dan Dasar Latihan Bola Volley 2

Berikut adalah materi Coaching Clinic dari Pak Sujarwo, beliau adalah pelatih tim putra Yuso Gunadarma dengan sertifikat pelatih Level Internasional Level I sekaligus Dosen FIK UNY.

Dalam proses latihan hendaknya pelatih memperhatikan hal-hal penting atau prinsip-prinsip dalam latihan, dimana ada beberapa aturan yang tidak boleh dilanggar dan perlu dipahami oleh pelatih, diantaranya:
1.    Perkembangan Multilateral.
2.    Partisipasi Aktif.
3.    Individual.
4.    Overload.
5.    Spesifikasi.
6.    Kembali Asal/pulih asal.
7.    Variasi.

Prinsip perkembangan multilateral dimana, fondasi dari suatu bangunan latihan yang bagus maka akan kokoh, begitu juga dengan pengoptimalan kemampuan multilateral bagi atlet khususnya pada usia 6 s.d 15 tahun akan membawa dampak yang signifikan nantinya pada keberhasilan gerak atau keluasan gerak yang dimiliki pada jenjang level atlet elit. Jika kemampuan multilateral seorang atlet kurang bagus, maka kendala untuk penguasaan teknik tinggi akan mengalami kendala. Untuk prinsip partisipasi aktif, disini menuntut kerjasama yang bagus antara usaha maksimal dari atlet dengan kerja keras pelatih, dengan latihan yang kontinyu. Prinsip individual intinya adalah masing-masing atlet merupakan individu yang berbeda-beda baik dilihat dari 
A.    Gen/keturunannya (sifat, mental dan emosi), 
B.    Umur perkembangan (biologis), 
C.    Umur latihan (tergantung masa latihan). Prinsip overload atau beban lebih, yaitu beban latihan hendaknya selalu meningkat, namun disesuaikan peningkatannya, melihat dengan perkembangan kemampuan atlet baik fisik, teknik maupun mental, dan yang paling penting jangan sampai terjadi over training.

Prinsip selanjutnya yaitu spesifikasi, dimana dalam prinsip ini pada usia tertentu maka sebaiknya atlet dikhususkan dengan cabang olahraga yang sesuai dengan kemampuan atau skill yang dimiliki, agar fokus. Prinsip kembali asal atau pulih asal, biasanya prinsip ini berlaku manakala atlet sudah tidak mau berlatih secara kontinyu lagi, atau terjadi vacum latihan, sehingga organ-organ tubuh dan kemampuan vasculer akan mengalami penurunan dan kembali seperti sediakala sebelum latihan. Prinsip terakhir yaitu variasi latihan, disini menuntut pelatih dan tim harus mampu mengkreasikan suatu latihan yang menarik bagi atlet, hal ini sangat penting agar atlet tidak bosan dengan pelatih. 

Suatu latihan hendaknya memiliki tujuan atau sasaran yang terukur dan jelas, berikut sasaran dalam latihan yang hendaknya bisa tercapai:
1.    Perkembangan fisik multilateral.
2.    Perkembangan fisik khusus.
3.    Faktor teknik.
4.    Faktor taktik.
5.    Aspek psikologi.
6.    Faktor kesehatan.
7.    Pencegahan cidera.

Sasaran latihan di atas merupakan sasaran latihan yang harus bisa diukur dan dicapai secara jelas dalam latihan. Banyak pelatih bagus dalam setiap cabang olahraga, namun masih sangat sedikit pelatih yang memiliki catatan latihan secara khusus tentang perkembangan dan juga hasil dari latihan yang sudah dilakukan. Hal tersebut juga menjadi kelemahan beberapa pelatih. Pencegahan cedera merupakan sasaran utama bagi pelatih, dimana sebagus apapun atlet, namun jika dia dirundung cedera yang berkepanjangan maka akan tidak berguna atau percuma latihan yang dilakukan tersebut. Sehingga pelatih mutlak harus mendesain bagaimana latihan yang save dan juga tetep berkualitas. Disini penulis hanya berbagi tentang konsep latihan, namun hal yang terpenting dalam latihan adalah “trial and error” dalam batas kewajaran pada suatu latihan itu harus berani dilakukan, jika kita tidak berani mencoba dan juga langsung praktek melatih di lapangan (hanya membaca teori) maka kemungkinan kecil kita dapat berhasil dalam melatih. Hal tersebut dilandasi dengan kondisi dan situasi di lapangan sangat heterogen, sehingga pengalaman pelatih dalam melatih sangat dipengaruhi oleh kebijakan dan pengambilan keputusan yang diambil saat terjadi masalah di lapangan. 

Demikian materi Coaching Clinic dari Pak Sujarwo, semoga bisa bermanfaat dan semakin menambah ilmu tentang dunai kepelatihan.


Berikut adalah menu Coaching Clinic yang di tulis oleh pelatih Putra Yuso Yogyakarta “ Sujarwo”. Pelatih yang keseharianya bekerja sebagai Dosen di FIK UNY  ini juga sudah mempunyai sertifikat Level Internasional I.

Berlatih dalam suatu cabang olahraga merupakan suatu upaya pengembangan kualitas baik, kualitas fisik, teknik, taktik maupun mental. Dalam olahraga bolavoli latihan merupakan salah satu faktor dominan penentu keberhasilan suatu tim dalam kompetisi. Kecil kemungkinan bahkan jarang sekali suatu tim yang bertanding akan memetik hasil kemenangan tanpa didasari latihan yang terprogram dan kontinyu. Beberapa pelatih meyakini, bahwa “proses latihan itu sama dengan hasil akhir”.
Pendapat tersebut bisa diartikan kualitas dan proses dari suatu latihan olahraga bisa dilihat dari hasil penampilan atau performance atlet atau tim dalam kejuaraan”, dengan kata lain apabila kualitas latihan kurang bagus, maka jangan berharap kualitas pertandingan bisa baik. Bentuk latihan yang baik salah satu contohnya yaitu, pada saat latihan hendaknya disesuaikan dengan suasana saat berkompetisi, demikian juga saat berkompetisi hendaknya atlet atau tim dikondisikan menyerupai kondisi latihan, sehingga adaptasi situasi wajib dilakukan oleh seorang pelatih. Berikut konsep tentang apa itu “latihan olahraga” menurut beberapa ahli:

1.    Program pengembangan atlet untuk bertanding berupa peningkatan keterampilan dan kapasitas energi (Bompa, 1999: 394).
2.    Proses penyempurnaan berolahraga melalui pendekatan ilmiah, khusus pada prinsip-prinsip pendidikan secara teratur dan terencana sehingga mempertinggi kemampuan dan kesiapan olahragawan (Hare, 1982).
3.    Proses yang sistematis untuk meningkatkan kebugaran atlet sesuai dengan cabang olahraga yang dipilih (Thomson, 1993: 61).

Berdasarkan pendapat ketiga ahli di atas, maka bisa ditarik kesimpulan bahwa latihan olahraga merupakan suatu bentuk latihan dengan pendekatan ilmiah yang terukur, terencana secara sistematis dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan kualitas atau keterampilan guna kesiapan atlet atau tim dalam menghadapi suatu kompetisi. Pelatih bertanggung jawab penuh dengan program latihan yang direncanakan, dan hendaknya dalam penyusunan program latihan pelatih juga berkoordinasi dengan tim, diantaranya: asisten pelatih, trainer, masseur, dokter, atlet, dan juga ahli gizi. Beberapa pelatih dengan style atau gaya melatih yang dimilikinya sering memiliki perbedaan dalam proses latihannya, masih banyak pelatih yang menggunakan konsep latihan yang keras atau hard training, dengan konsep pelatih yang melatih dengan kualitas sebagai tolok ukurnya, masih adanya beda pendapat bahwa latihan keras itu pasti berkualitas, padahal belum tentu juga latihan yang keras itu bisa bermanfaat. Yang paling tepat adalah latihan sesuai dengan kebutuhan atlet atau tim itu yang lebih bisa masuk logika. Beberapa kendala yang dihadapi pada saat berlatih, diantaranya:

1.    Kondisi fisik yang tidak mendukung dari atlet (sakit atau cidera).
2.    Kondisi cuaca atau alam (hujan, bencana).
3.    Kondisi alat dan fasilitas yang kurang mendukung.
4.    Padatnya jadwal kompetisi.
5.    Kepentingan keluarga atau instansi, dll.

Beberapa kendala di atas harus mampu di manage oleh pelatih beserta tim, sebagai contohnya bagaimana seorang atlet yang sedang cidera, apakah masih harus latihan namun sesuai kemampuan, atau harus istirahat total. Kondisi alam atau cuaca yang kurang mendukung maka alternatif latihan apa yang bisa direncanakan oleh pelatih. Untuk masalah alat dan fasilitas yang kurang memadahi maka kreativitas pelatih dalam memodifikasi alat dan mengorganisir latihan sangat dituntut. Untuk kendala padatnya kompetisi yang digelar oleh instansi baik daerah maupun pusat, maka diupayakan menjalin komunikasi dengan pihak terkait baik Pengda atau PB sehingga, jadwal kompetisi bisa disesuaikan atau diatur dengan baik. Sedangkan untuk kepentingan keluarga atau instansi tempat sekolah atau bekerja, perlu adanya pemahaman dan pengertian baik dari atlet, pelatih, keluarga dan juga instansi terkait tentang urgensi latihan maupun kejuaraan yang akan dihadapi (perlu duduk bersama untuk mencari solusi terbaik). Sehingga sebenarnya tidak boleh ada latihan yang kosong atau libur dengan alasan yang kurang bisa masuk logika, karena paradigma yang ada saat ini bahwa atlet maupun pelatih sama-sama memiliki alibi untuk tidak latihan, sedangkan latihan hukumnya wajib untuk memperoleh hasil yang ingin dituju.

Demikian bahan Coacing Clinic pada minggu ini. Untuk kelanjutan Coacing Clinic tentang Dasar-dasar Teori latihan dan dasar-dasar latihan bolavoli akan di publish minggu depan.
“Selamat Berlatih”


Berikut adalah materi lanjutan coaching clinik tentang Filosofi Pelatih Bolavoli dari Pak Sujarwo, selamat menyimak.
A. Kenali Diri Anda

Sebagai seorang pelatih bola voli kita butuh kejujuran, untuk  menyatakan bahwa kita memiliki kekurangan dan pasti kita memiliki kekurangan tersebut sebagai manusia biasa. Kekurangan yang kita miliki perlu kita sikapi dengan belajar lagi baik dengan peningkatan keilmuan maupun upgrade lisensi kepelatihan yang dimiliki. Selain kekurangan kita juga harus paham pada sisi apa kekuatan kita, dengan berfokus pada kekuatan kita maka akan memiliki kemampuan untuk mengidentifikasi cara melatih apa yang sesuai yang akan kita gunakan. Seorang pelatih pasti memiliki latar belakang yang berbeda-beda, baik sebagai guru yang baik, motivator, akademisi, komunikator, atau mantan atlet. Sebagai seorang pelatih hendaknya kita memiliki kemampuan dinamis, easy going, memiliki kepekaan, terbuka dan frendly. Gunakan kemampuan atau kekuatan yang pasti dimiliki oleh tiap-tiap pelatih demi keuntungan anda. Memahami dan mengevaluasi kelebihan dan kekurangan kita sebagai pelatih membutuhkan waktu yang lama, dimana sisi yang diamati di antaranya adalah: moral, nilai-nilai, dan kepercayaan. Pelatih akan lebih baik jika mampu mengadaptasikan dan mentransferkan baik itu, moral, nilai-nilai dan juga kepercayaan yang diyakininya sehingga style atau gaya seorang pelatih tersebut bisa disampaikan kepada atlet yang dilatihnya. Hal ini bertujuan apabila kita ditanya apa yang anda latihkan kepada atlet dan kenapa anda menjadi pelatih, apa yang anda sampaikan dan transferkan kepada atlet, tujuan apa yang akan anda coba raih dalam proses latihan.

B. Memahami siapa yang dilatih, apa yang akan dilatihkan, dan tantangan yang akan dihadapi

Hal yang penting dalam melatih atau proses latihan adalah memahami konteks. Konteks latihan dalam hal ini adalah siapa atletnya (atlet pemula, junior atau senior), tujuan latihannya apa, dan tantangan yang akan dihadapi baik saat proses latihan maupun kompetisi nantinya. Pelatih harus paham betul usia atlet, jenis kelamin, dan juga level kemampuannya. Berapa waktu yang dimiliki oleh atlet dan juga pelatih dalam menyiapkan suatu kejuaraan atau untuk menentukan proses latihan. Seperti apa program pengembangan kemampuan bagi atlet yang kita rancang dan kita ukur sehingga kita bisa memprediksi pencapaian target latihan yang kita rencanakan. Tentu saja kita sebagai pelatih harus bekerjasama dan membutuhkan dukungan dari ahli-ahli bidang terkait, di antaranya: psikologi, nutrisi, dan bio mekanik. Dukungan lainnya juga sangat dibutuhkan yaitu dana, fasilitas, alat baik dalam proses latihan maupun kompetisi. Pelatih harus jelas menentukan tujuan jangka pendek, menengah atau panjang bagi atletnya. Pelatih harus memahami tantangan atau lawan yang akan dihadapi dalam kejuaraan nanti, jika dalam suatu tim punya tim khusus/monitoring (spy) bagi lawan-lawan yang akan dihadapi ini sangat membantu. Manfaatnya adalah kita bisa memahami betul peta kekuatan maupun kelemahan lawan-lawan yang akan kita hadapi, sehingga persiapan program khusus untuk menghadapi lawan yang berbeda-beda kemampuan dan karakteristiknya kita sudah tidak ada kendala lagi. Dengan bisa memahami kendala yang sering terjadi dalam penyiapan program  misalkan kekurangan dana, alat, fasilitas, hendaknya pelatih dapat mencari solusi yang terbaik, baik mencari sumber dana (donatur) atau bekerjasama dengan pihak terkait untuk bisa membantu dalam penyiapan atlet. Pelatih harus mampu menjalin hubungan yang baik dengan orang tua atlet, karena sumber dana juga bisa kita gali salah satunya dari orang tua atlet. Namun perlu hati-hati jika meminta dana dari orang tua atlet, bukan berarti harus ada imbal baliknya, sehingga profesionalisme dan juga filosofi pelatih disini sangat memegang peran penting.

C. Memahami atlet anda, kepribadian, kemampuan, dan tujuan mereka berlatih olahraga

Komunikasi merupakan hal yang sangat penting dalam hubungan atlet dengan pelatih. Sebagai pelatih kita sebaiknya harus meluangkan waktu secara individu dengan atlet, untuk menggali informasi secara dalam tentang kepercayaan, nilai-nilai atau sifat-sifat dasar, tujuan dan mengapa mereka berkecimpung dalam proses latihan yang kita lakukan. Apabila sebagai pelatih kita tidak memiliki kemampuan tersebut maka akan banyak kendala, dan mungkin tujuan bagi atlet yang direncanakan tidak akan tercapai. Sebagai seorang pelatih kita merupakan contoh atau model yang memiliki pengaruh sangat besar bagi atlet. Hal yang paling sulit namun bisa dilakukan atau diperoleh dengan kesabaran adalah mencocokkan atau melinkkan filosofi seorang pelatih kepada atletnya, biasanya pelatih yang ndak mau mempelajari karakter atlet-atletnya maka akan kesulitan mendapatkan koneksi ini. Hal penting yang perlu dipahami adalah kekuatan dan kelemahan atlet kita, yaitu seberapa kemampuan atau skillnya. Kemudian dari data tersebut kita rancang dengan elegan bagaimana upaya peningkatan kemampuan yang akan dicapai.

Berdasarkan 3 hal di atas, upaya pengembangan filosofi kepelatihan yang kita miliki harus benar-benar kita perhatikan, hal ini sangat penting karena tidak sedikit pelatih-pelatih bola voli khususnya yang belum secara jelas paham tentang filosofi kepelatihannya, sehingga dampak yang bisa dilihat adalah paradigma di lapangan yaitu atlet memiliki prestasi yang bagus, namun sikap, moral dan kepribadian atlet sangat berkebalikan.

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